~ ESP32 Olaf - Overly Lightweight Acoustic Fingerprinting on the ESP32» By Joren on Tuesday 26 September 2023
Fig: In Dutch ‘ESP 32’ means 32 Hams…
Olaf is an acoustic fingerprinting system designed with embedded devices in mind. It has a low memory use and computational requirements which are compatible with e.g. the ESP32 line of microcontrollers devices like the SparkFun ESP32 Thing or devices based on the RP2040 chip. Recently I have prepared a demo with the newest version of Olaf running on an ESP32 which deserves some attention.
To match audio, Olaf needs access to streaming audio. This can be audio read from an SD-card but, more likely, audio comes from a microphone. Digital microphones have some great features: a low-noise floor, great at picking up omnidirectional sound and they are inexpensive. I have prepared a demo of Olaf which shows how to use Olaf on an ESP32 with an INMP441 MEMS microphone. To test the MEMS microphone I also made a MEMS microphone to WiFi program which sends incoming sound on the ESP32 over WiFi to a computer where the sound quality can be verified.
The example provides a scaffold for embedded music-reactive applications. Once the microcontroller knows which song is playing and where in the song the match is found it can trigger LED’s (or explosions, fireworks, lyrics, other effects…) which should happen in sync with the music. See the example below to get the idea, this demo runs an older version of Olaf but the idea stays the same:
The main difference between the current and previous versions of Olaf is that now the ESP32 version, the browser version and the PC version are all running the exact same code. No hacks are needed any more to support a platform. This means that testing and debugging can be done on a computer and, if everything goes well, the code should work as expected on the embedded device (or browser).
If you want to know more about Olaf, read the paper on the Olaf audio search, check out the Olaf source code repository or consult the Olaf on ESP32 readme.